Scientific activities

 The main direction of the research of the Institute is development and improvement of theoretical basis of breeding and seed farming along with introduction of scientific achievements in fields of 174 genetics, physiology, biochemistry, plant protection and technologies as well as new areas of science - biotechnology, genetic and cellular engineering, mathematical methods and computer technology, creation of database of plant genetic resources, breeding of new high-yielding varieties of crops, legumes possessing immunity, early maturity, resistance to extreme conditions (drought, salinity, etc.), management of initial seed farming and production of elite varieties, development and implementation of technology of cultivation of crops, leguminous plants; improving methods of tillage in the zonal system of agriculture. Research works on breeding and seed growing, phytopathology, entomology, genetics, physiology, biochemistry, biotechnology of soft and durum wheat, barley, maize, chickpeas and lentils are conducted in the Institute within the framework of the programs for wheat, barley, maize, food legumes, sustainable agriculture and diversification of plants. In accordance with the goals and objectives of these programs, scientific activities of the Institute consist of the following: