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About us

Territory of the Azerbaijan Republic is characterized by the existence of all edaphic-climatic zones, prevailing in the world, except for tropical and forest-savanna types. The Republic has rich climatic resources due to favorable physical and geographical conditions.All of this gives acceptable opportunities for cropping here. Azerbaijan is an ancient agricultural land. Location of the country in favorable natural and geographical conditions provided a basis for comprehensive development of agriculture. Archaeological excavations prove that Azerbaijan is the main center of grain farming, viticulture, horticulture and stockbreeding. Development of grain farming and other strategically important sectors of agriculture in the country is the focus of attention.
During more than 60 years of existence the Azerbaijan Research Institute of Crop Husbandry played a huge role in ensuring food security of the country and left its lasting mark on history. Methods and attitudes concerning the approach to study have changed over these years, and each generation of scientists improved the scientific heritage of their predecessors, and achieved great success in improving plant varieties and creation of advanced cultivation technologies by performing numerous scientific studies of applied and fundamental nature. Azerbaijan Research Institute of Crop Husbandry was organized on May 20, 1950 in accordance with Decrees of the CM of the USSR № 2117 “On measures to increase the production of wheat and cotton in collective and state farms of the Azerbaijan SSR” and the CM and the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan from June 6, 1950 № 802 “On measures to increase wheat production in collective and state farms of the Azerbaijan SSR” under the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan. The Institute started its activities since October 1950. Azerbaijan Research Institute of Crop Husbandry was placed under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture of Azerbaijan by the Decree № 253 of the CC of the CPSU and the CM of the USSR from February 14, 1956, the Order №87 of the Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR from March 8, 1956, and the Decree of the CC of the CP of Azerbaijan and the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR from April 27, 1956 №222 “On measures to improve the work of research institutions in agriculture”.

Services

The agro-technical care

The Primary tillage

• Growing on the surface of soil before the sowing phase:

• The sowing period;

• The norms of sowing;

• The methods of sowing

• Provision of the mineral fertilizers;

• Fights againstweed

• The green harrow

• Irrigation

 The productivity indicator for 1 ha is :3 tons of seed + 3 tons of straw ;

 The technological operations of growing of the fall wheat after the predecessor of wheat under conditions of irrigation

 The major technological operations for the purposes of growing of the fall wheat under conditions of irrigation;

The productivity indicator for 1 ha is :4  tons of seed + 4 tons of straw ;

 

S/s

 

Operations

 

1.

The pressing and carryingphase of straw after gathering phase of grain.

Enrichment of soil with pulverized oddments of plants after the row planting phase (corn, cotton and etc.)

2.

The carrying and sowing process of mineral and organic fertilizers;

(400-450 kgsuperphosphate + 10-15tons of fertilizer)

3.

The plowing phase-up to 25-27 cm

4.

Enrichment of soil with water (1000-1200 m3/ha) for the purposes of sprouting of weeds and humid optimization;

5.

In advance plowing;

6.

Treating of seed with chemicals (Raksil – 0,08-0,1 l/200 kg of seed or Vitavaks 200 FF-0,6 l/200 kg of seed)

7.

The carrying and sowing phase of treated seed (by taking into account 4.5-5.0 million sprouting seed, 200-220 kg of that is norm)

Enrichment of soil not only with sowing but also with 100-150 kg of fertilizers, like a nitro foskaor ammofoska

8.

Opening of the temporary irrigation ditches

9.

The phase of water sowing (if it’s needed) sepsuvar

10.

The phase of sowing of 300-350 kg of the  nitrogen fertilizer as a feeding for plants 

11.

Chemical fights contra weed with the help of herby seeds. Contra one cored weed - 0,6-0,8 l/ha of Puma Super  or 0,3-0,4 l/ha of Topik, Contra duo cored weed - 1,6-2,0 l/ha of  2,4 D-amino salt or 0,15-0,18kq/ha of Lintur

12.

Irrigation (2-3 times) 

13.

The harvest gathering phase

14.

The phase of wheat cleaning and carrying;

 

S/s

Operationsəti

use period

1.

The pressing and carrying phase of straw after gathering phase of grain.

Jule-August

2.

The carrying and sowing process of  mineral and organic fertilizers;

(250-300 kg superphosphate + 10 tons of  fertilizer)

Jule-August

3.

The plowing phase for black herik - up to 25-27 cm

Jule-August

4.

The growing phase of black herik with a harrow (2-3 times in the depth of 8-10 cm)

Aprel- August

5.

Treating of seed with chemicals (Raksil – 0,08-0,1 l/200 kg of seed or Vitavaks 200 FF-0,6 l/200 kg of seed)

 August-September

6.

In advance plowing; 

September

7.

The carrying and sowing phase of treated seed (by taking into account 4.5-5.0 million sprouting seed, 200-220 kg of that is norm)

Enrichment of soil not only with sowing but also with 100-150 kg of fertilizers, like a nitro foska or ammo foska

September-October

8.

The phase of sowing of 200 kg of the  nitrogen fertilizer as a feeding for plants 

March-Aprel

9.

Chemical fights contra weed with the help of herby seeds. Contra one cored weed - 0,6-0,8 l/ha of Puma Super  or 0,3-0,4 l/ha of Topik, Contra duo cored weed - 1,6-2,0 l/ha of  2,4 D-amino salt or 0,15-0,18kq/ha of Lintur

March-Aprel

10.

Utilizing of the light serrated harrow in the phase of wheat tillering

March-Aprel

11.

The harvest gathering phase

Jule-August

12.

The phase of wheat cleaning and carrying;

  • The economic analysis
  • Production
  • Total revenue
  • Profit
  • Profitability
  • The cost of  1 tonnes product
  • The profit that’s taken from 1 tonnes
  • The profitability of 1 tonnes

Analysis of grain quality implements on the following samples of crops like wheat, barley, lentils, peas, corn, and bean crops.

Determination of the variety and sowing qualities of grain that meets all the state requirements

What we currently do:

  • Determination of resistance of the germ plasmas of local (wheat, barley, corn, legumes) and introduced plants to any diseases and pests;
  • Studying the ways of dealing with diseases and pests, for the purposes of increasing productivity;
  • Assessment of the phytosanitary situation, on the farms of landowners;
  • Expansion of cooperation among the scientific enterprises, regional and international organizations for the purposes of fighting contra diseases and pests;
  • Determination of the composition of diseases and pests, for those who want to check out their agricultural plants;

Soil-agrochemical analyzes:


• Soil pH: the reaction of the soil solution (acidity and alkalinity)
• Humus (organic matter) in soil
• CaCO3 of carbonate in soil, by %
• Determination of the total nitrogen in the soil
• Determination of the amount of organic matter in the soil
• Determination of the amount of phosphorus (P2O5) easily digested in soil
• Determination of the amount of potassium (K2O) easily digested in the soil
• Determination of the number of salts in the soil (dry residue)
• Determination of total and protein nitrogen content in grain and plant
• Determination of moisture in nitrogen fertilizers
• Determination of the percentage of nitrogen in nitrogen fertilizers


Agrophysical analysis of soil:


• The density of the solid phase of the soil
• The density of soil
• Mass and volumes moisture of the soil
• Granulometric composition of soil
• Structural composition of soil
• Quantity of water-resistant aggregates
• Penetration resistance of (soil hardness)
• The special electrical conductivity of soil solution
• Water leak the ability of soil
• The water storage capacity of soil
• Hydrological constants of soil
• Suitable and productive moisture ranges for plants in soil
• Potential of soil moisture
• Mathematical studies of soil-agrophysical researches result through modern statistical and geostatistical programs
(S-PLUS; STATISTICS; MİNITAB; SURFER, VESPER, etc.)

Plant breeding.

Here, at the Scientific Research Institute of Crop Husbandry, we have a Plant breeding department and which performs researches on the basis of 4 major programs that includes 5 grainy and grainy-legume varieties (wheat, barley, corn, peas, and lentils) of plants in it.

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The organic food movement began in the 1940s in response to the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution marked a significant increase in food production due to the introduction of high-yield varieties, the use of pesticides, and better management techniques.Read more

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